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Transport Nursing: Where We Have Been, Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?


Renee Semonin Holleran

FNP-BC, PhD, CEN, CCRN (emeritus); CFRN and CTRN (retired), FAEN




Renee is currently a Nurse Practitioner in Holistic Medicine at the VA Medical Center in Salt Lake City, Utah.  She currently works with veterans by providing pain management. She also volunteers at the Hope Free Clinic which affords medical care to the under-served in Utah.
Renee was a transport nurse for 24 years as well as working in the emergency department starting in 1977.  Renee was the Chief Flight Nurse for University Air Care and the Adult Transport Nurse Manager for Intermountain Life Flight. Renee was also the 1996 President of the Emergency Nurses Association.
She was the editor of the Air Medical Journal and the Journal of Emergency Nursing. Renee has been the editor of the Patient Transport Principles and Practice text for the second through the fifth editions.  The 4th edition of the text won the AJN book of the year award in 2011.
Renee has numerous publications and presentations related to patient transport and emergency nursing. She was one of the initial authors for the Emergency Nursing Pediatric Course (ENPC) and the Flight Nurse Advanced Trauma Course (now known as the Transport Professional Advanced Trauma Course).
Renee remains active in patient transport as the Emergency Nurses Association representative on the Commission on Accreditation of Medical Transport Systems (CAMTS). She is also a member of the Air and Surface Transport Nurses Association (ASTNA) Publications Committee.



Transport nursing began with Florence Nightingale who brought nurses took nurses into the field to triage soldiers and transport them back for care. Transport nursing has developed along with other nursing specialties such as emergency and critical care nurses, particularly because it includes components of these specialties.


Today, transport nursing is a specialty that requires critical thinking and advanced interventional skills. It involves the ability to work in a team that provides holistic patient care in a variety of environments including aircraft and ground vehicles.


This presentation will discuss the history of transport nursing and what are some of the factors that have shaped where we are now. It will conclude with where we may be going in the future related to the challenges that we face today including the cost of care, safety related issues and a changing work force. Nursing has played a significant role in patient transport and will continue to develop and participate in the future of patient transport.



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